Poultry farming, rising of domesticated birds such as chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese primarily for meat and eggs but also for feathers. Of all domestic fowls, chickens are the most important producers; chickens of egg-producing lines are used for the production of eggs sold as food.
Poultry feeding in birds is a highly perfected science that ensures a maximum intake of energy for growth and fat production .High-quality and well-balanced protein sources produce a maximum amount of muscle, organ, skin, and feather growth. The minerals in the feeds will produce bones and eggs.
Antibiotic are widely used to stimulate appetite, control harmful bacteria, and prevent disease.
Poultry needs good management so controlled environment that avoids crowding, chilling, overheating, or frightening is most important.
Feeding, watering, egg gathering and cleaning operations are highly Important Birds are housed in wire cages with two or three animals per cage, depending on the species and breed, and three or four tiers of cages superposed to save space.
Cages for egg-laying birds have been found to increase production, lower mortality, reduce cannibalism, lower feeding requirements, reduce diseases and parasites, improve culling, and reduce both space and labour requirements. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poultry_farming
poultry farming equipments
Pan and jar type
This type of waterer is circular in nature, having two compartments i.e. jar for filling water and pan for delivering water. A separate grill is available to prevent the entry of birds inside the water.
Its called “fountain drinkers” because water comes out of the holes like that in case of a fountain. Manual drinkers with stand made of high-impact plastic in bright colors (red or blue) are available .The main advantage of manual drinkers is the ease of giving vitamins and other probiotics/medicines/vaccines through water.
2. Feeding Equipments
Feeders are equipments used in feeding poultry birds. The food is deposited in the feeder and the birds feed from it. The amount of feeders provided for a poultry farm should be according to amount of birds available. It is important that you always keep the feeders clean to ensure the health safety of the birds.
Shell grit box
It is used to provide shell grit to the layer birds as a supplemental source of calcium.
In case of automatic feeder the feed is supplied to the entire length of the poultry house by specially designed feed troughs with auger type or chain type devices to move the feed from the feed bins to the other end.
These are operated with electricity and the height of the feeder can be adjusted depending upon the age of the birds.
Linear feeders are usually made of Galvanized Iron. However it can as well be made out of any locally available material like wood, bamboo, etc.
3. Fly Tray
Fly trap is an equipment used in controlling the number of flies around a poultry farm. It helps to poultry farmer reduce the number of flies in the poultry.
This is an instrument used in hatching eggs. Egg hatchery with an incubator can be described as a means of hatching of eggs in an unnatural way. These means can be employed when there are many eggs to be hatched.